Earth as a Sphere, Short Questions (Question 1 & 2)


Question 1
In diagram below, N is the North Pole and S is the South Pole. The location of point P is (40o S, 70o W) and POQ is the diameter of the earth.
Find the longitude of Q.

Solution:
Since PQ is a diameter of the earth and the longitude of P is θo W, the longitude of Q is (180o – θo) E.
Longitude of P = 70o W
Longitude of Q = (180o – 70o) E
    = 110o E


Question 2
In diagram below, N is the North Pole and S is the South Pole and NOS is the axis of the earth.
Find the position of point Q.

Solution:
Latitude of Q = (90o – 42o) N
                        = 48o N
Longitude of Q = (65o – 30o) E
                        = 35o E
Therefore, position of Q = (48o N, 35o E).