4.5 Argument (Sample Questions)


Example 1:
Complete the conclusion in the following argument:
Premise 1: All regular polygons have equal sides.
Premise 2: ABCD is a regular polygon.
Conclusion:

Solution:
Conclusion: ABCD has equal sides.



Example 2:
Complete the conclusion in the following argument:
Premise 1: If m > 4, then 2m > 8.
Premise 2: 2m < 8
Conclusion:

Solution:
Conclusion: m < 4.



Example 3:
Complete the premise in the following argument:
Premise 1:
Premise 2: m × n is not an even number.
Conclusion: m and n are not even numbers.

Solution:
Premise 1: If m and n are even numbers, then m × n is an even number.



Example 4:
Complete the premise in the following argument:
Premise 1: If x = 3, then x2 = 9.
Premise 2:
Conclusion: x  3

Solution:
Premise 2: x2  9.